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Other major rivers include the Yegorlyk, the Kuma, and the Manych.
Lake Manych-Gudilo is the largest lake; other lakes of significance include Lakes Sarpa and Tsagan-Khak. Kalmykia's natural resources include coal, oil, and natural gas.
The 19th Russian agricultural exhibition "Golden autumn" was held in Moscow at the Exhibition of economic achievements (ENEA) in October, 2017.
This event took place from the 4th till the 7th of October.
Electronic registration (online check-in) is available on selected trains.
In order to save time, we advise you to use the electronic registration system.
Hundreds of Kurgans can be seen in these areas, known as the Indo-European Urheimat (Samara culture, Sredny Stog culture, Yamna culture).
The territory of Kalmykia is unique in that it has been the home in successive periods to many major world religions and ideologies.
The Kalmyks, who form the majority of the republic and for whom the region is named, descend from the Oirat Mongols that migrated from Dzungaria in 1607 and established the Kalmyk Khanate (1630–1724) before they were eventually incorporated into the Russian Empire in the context of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus.
The republic's wildlife includes the saiga antelope, whose habitat is protected in Chyornye Zemli Nature Reserve.
Kalmykia has a cold semi-desert climate, with hot and dry summers and cold winters with little snow.
Prehistoric paganism and shamanism gave way to Judaism with the Khazars.
This was succeeded by Islam with the Alans while the Mongol hordes brought Tengriism, and the later Nogais were Muslim, before their replacement by the present-day Buddhist Oirats/Kalmyks.