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However, no computer can process the near infinite number of atoms in objects, so instead we model 'finite' groups of them.
Gaing, "Particle Swarm Optimization to solving the economic dispatch considering generator constraints," IEEE Trans. Finite element analysis is a method to computationally model reality in a mathematical form to better understand a highly complex problem. it is a method of determine the most efficient, low cost & reliable operation of a power system by dispatching the available electricity generation resources to supply the load on the system. Abstract: Analysis of the robot hand was analyzed using dedicated software for FEM analysis. in ANSYS, the geometry was updated and the structure meshed using 3D elements. Economic Load Dispatch(ELD) is one of important tasks which provide an economic condition for a power system. Stukenbrock, "Toward maximum flexibility in working machinery, iht control in a mecalac excavator," 2004. Yao, "Energy-saving control of singlerod hydraulic cylinders with programmable valves and improved working mode selection," 2002. Eriksson, "Control Strategy for Energy Efficient Fluid Power Actuators: Utilizing Individual Metering," SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, 2007. There are various field of power system in which PSO is successfully applied. (April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems.